Anatoli Kartashov (1960
    Group) signed cover
 
SIGNED PHOTOS
Autographed photos
from astronauts and cosmonauts.
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SIGNED COVERS
Autographed covers
from all manned spaceflights.
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SPACE RELICS
Space flown material
and other rare space related items.
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BURAN PROGRAM
Discover the history
behind the russian shuttle program.
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SPACE CANDIDATES
The history behind
the russian unflown cosmonauts.
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CATALOGUE
Browse thru my
space cover and photo catalogue.
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AUTOPENS
Beware of autopens
and learn how to detect them.
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Unflown Russian Cosmonauts...

The original 1960 group of cosmonauts is shown in a photo from May 1961 at the seaside port of Sochi. The names of many of these men were considered state secrets for more than twenty-five years. Sitting in front from left to right: Pavel Popovich, Viktor Gorbatko, Yevgeniy Khrunov, Yuri Gagarin, Chief Designer Sergey Korolev, his wife Nina Koroleva with Popovich's daughter Natasha, Cosmonaut Training Center Director Yevgeniy Karpov, parachute trainer Nikolay Nikitin, and physician Yevgeniy Fedorov. Standing the second row from left to right: Aleksey Leonov, Andrian Nikolayev, Mars Rafikov, Dmitriy Zaykin, Boris Volynov, German Titov, Grigoriy Nelyubov, Valeriy Bykovskiy, and Georgiy Shonin. In the back from left to right: Valentin Filatyev, Ivan Anikeyev, and Pavel Belyayeu. Four cosmonauts were missing from the photograph, Anatoliy Kartashov and Valentin Varlamov and had both been dropped from training because of injuries. Valentin Bondarenko died in a training accident a few months before. Vladimir Komarov was indisposed.

The First Group (1960)

Part of the russian manned space program was only unveiled in the early 1990's, with the names of early cosmonaut candidates (1965/68) being oficially released as late as 1991. Sometimes, the time between this and the time of their death were very close, or even too late... to request any signed material. So, like the americans Elliot See or Charles Bassett II, the early russian manned program is full of "mystery cosmonauts" and "mystery programs" such as the Zond program that would have sent the russians to the moon.

For instance, from the first group (selection of 20 cosmonauts), that took place in 1960, only 12 actually made a spaceflight - the names of the other 8 were anounced oficially only in April 1986. So, signed material from names such as Bondarenko, Varlamov, Nelyubov or Filatyev (all from the first selected group of 1960), must surelly be considered rarer then See ou Bassett, and they can not be found in the market - these are extremely rare items.

The eight unflown cosmonauts from the first group

Cosmonaut Born Selection date Retirement Died
Ivan N. Anikeyev 12.02.1933 07.03.1960 17.04.1963 20.08.1992
Grigori G. Nelyubov 31.03.1934 07.03.1960 04.05.1963 18.02.1966
Valentin I. Filatiyev 21.01.1930 25.03.1960 17.04.1963 15.09.1990
Dmitri A. Zaikin 29.04.1932 25.03.1960 25.10.1969 -
Valentin V. Bondarenko 16.02.1937 28.04.1960 23.03.1961 23.03.1961
Mars S. Rafikov 29.09.1933 28.04.1960 24.03.1962 23.07.2000
Valentin S. Varlamov 15.08.1934 28.04.1960 06.03.1961 02.10.1980
Anatoli Y. Kartashov 25.08.1932 17.06.1960 07.04.1961 11.12.2005
   

Mars Zakirovich Rafikov (1960 Group)

Major, Soviet Air Force, test pilot; graduated from Higher Air Force School, Syzran, now Samara; was selected as cosmonaut on 28.04.1960 (TsPK-1); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 4/60 - 1961; was discharged of disciplinary reasons; served as pilot during the Afghanistan-war; later he was instructor pilot in DOSAAF-program. Died in July 2000.

>> See collection

   

Anatoli Yakovlevich Kartashov (1960 Group)

Graduated from Higher Air Force School, 1954; Colonel, Soviet Air Force, Ret.; pilot, Soviet Air Force, Ret.; was selected as cosmonaut on 17.06.1960 (TsPK-1); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 4/60 - 1961; retired of medical reasons on 07.04.1961 to serve again as pilot of Soviet Air Force; since 1985 retired.

>> See collection

The Women Group (1962)

Even before the flight of Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6, Khrushchev approved the idea of an "all women" Voskhod Flight. So, in March 1962, from an original group of more then 400 candidates, 5 women were choosen for the first women cosmonaut group.

Cosmonaut Born Selection date Retirement Died
Tatyana Kuznetsova 14.07.1941 03.03.1962 17.10.1969 -
Valentina Ponomaryova 18.09.1933 07.04.1962 01.10.1969 -
Irina Solovyova 06.09.1937 13.03.1962 01.10.1969 -
Valentina Tereshkova 06.03.1937 12.03.1962 30.04.1997 -
Zhanna Yorkina 06.05.1939 03.04.1962 01.10.1969 -

After the flight of Tereshkova, the group of 5 women continued training for a future Voskhod 4 mission, to take place in 1966/67. The crews for that Voskhod 4 flight, later cancelled were: Solovyova and Ponomaryova (prime crew) and Kuznetsova and Yorkina (back-up). In total, the 5 women had the following assignments:

Spaceflight Prime Back-up 2nd back-up
Vostok 6 Tereshkova Solovyova Ponomaryova
Voskhod 4 Solovyova + Ponomaryova Kuznetsova + Yorkina -

After the the cancelation of the Voskhod 4 mission, the group was eventually dismissed in 1969, and for many years the soviet sources told that only 4 women ever took part in that training group. Finally, in late 1987, the identity of the fifth woman was revealed. It is unkown the actual back-up crew for the proposed Voskhod 4 mission, as Yorkina got married in 1963 and had a child in 1964 - against the "rules"defined by Sergei Korolyov, that a woman should concentrate on the space program. In the late 1980's a photograph of Tereshokova performing a training for an EVA was released, making it possible that after the birth of Yorkina's son, Tereshkova eventually took her place in the Voskhod 4 crew.
 

Valentina Ponomaryova (1962 Group)

Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute, 1957; graduated from Zhukovsky-Academy, Monino, 1967; candidate of technical sciences degree, 1974; was married to cosmonaut Yuri Ponomaryov; was selected from Air Forces as cosmonaut on 03.04.1962 (Vostok); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 4/62 - 29.11.1962; was assigned as Commander for Voskhod 4; later research scientist at Institute of Natural Historic Sciences.

>> See collection

   

Irina Solovyova (1962 Group)

Colonel, Siviet Air Forces, Ret.; graduated from Sverdlovsk Polytechnical Institute with a degree in mechanical engineering, 1959; parachutist; was selected as cosmonaut from Soviet Air Force on 03.03.1962 (Vostok); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 4/62 - 29.11.1962; then graduated from Shukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy, Monino, 1967; was assigned as double for Vostok 6 and then for Voskhod 4; candidate of psychological sciences degree, 1980; in February 1988 she was a participant of an all female Antarctic-Expedition.

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Zhanna Sergeychik Yorkina (1962 Group)

Major, Russian Air Force, Res.; graduated from Pedagogic Institute, Ryasan, 1961; graduated from Zhukovsky Military Engineering Acdemy, Monino, 1969; Teacher (English) in Palkovo and parachutist; was selected in March 1962 from Air Force as cosmonaut (Vostok); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 4/62 - 29.11.1962; was assigned as double for Voskhod 4; later she worked at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center; retired from active military duty, 1989; since her marriage she has the family name: Sergeychik.

>> See collection

1963 Group

In January 1963 a new group of cosmonaut candidates was elected. It consisted of elder pilots and engineers. The full list of names was only revealed in late 1988, and it had 7 engineers (Artyukhin, Buynovski, Dyumin, Gulyayev, Kolodin, Kugno, Zholobov) and 8 pilots (Dobrovolski, Filipchenko, Gubarev, Kuklin, Matinchenko, Shatalov, Vorobyov, Voronov). From these, 8 never made an actual spaceflight, and they are:

Cosmonaut Born Selection date Retirement Died
Eduard Byunovski 26.02.1936 08.01.1963 11.12.1964 -
Vladislav Gulyayev 31.05.1937 08.01.1963 06.03.1968 19.04.1990
Pyotr Kolodin 23.09.1930 08.01.1963 20.04.1983 -
Eduard Kugno 27.06.1935 08.01.1963 16.04.1964 24.02.1994
Anatoli Kuklin 03.01.1932 08.01.1963 15.09.1975 16.01.2006
Aleksandr Matinchenko 04.09.1927 08.01.1963 19.01.1972 18.06.1999
Lev Vorobyov 24.02.1931 08.01.1963 28.06.1974 -
Anatoli Voronov 11.06.1930 08.01.1963 25.05.1979 31.10.1993
   

Eduard Buynovski (1963 Group)

Graduated from Military Engineering Academy, 1973; Colonel, Russian Air Force, Ret.; was selected on 08.01.1963 as cosmonaut (TsPK-2); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 1/63 - 21.01.1965; resigned of medical reasons; later he was involved in the development of communications- and controlling systems within the Soviet Department of Foreign Affairs.

>> See collection

   

Pyotr Kolodin (1963 Group)

Graduated from Military Academy of Engineering and Radioengineering, 1959; Officer of missile troups; was selected on 08.01.1965 (TsPK-2); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 1/63 - 21.01.1966; he was assigned for five different missions (e.g. Soyuz 11) but was always grounded; later he worked as flight controller; presently retired.

>> See collection

   

Aleksandr Matinchenko (1963 Group)

Graduated from Higher Air Force School, 1962; Lieutenant Colonel, Res. and pilot, Soviet Air Force; he flew 25 missions during the Hungarian rebellion 1956; was selected as cosmonaut on 08.01.1963 (TsPK-2); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 1/63 - 21.01.1965; later he worked for Ministry of Aviation Industry; since February 1992 retired. Died in 18.06.1999.

>> See collection

   

Lev Vorobyov (1963 Group)

Graduated from Military Pilot School, Bataisk, 1952, graduated from Air Force Military Academy, Monino, 1955; Colonel and pilot, Soviet Air Forces, Res.; was selected as cosmonaut on 08.01.1963 (TsPK-2); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 1/63 - 21.01.1965; he was assigned for Soyuz 13, but he and his crewmate flight engineer Yazdovsky had personal differences (prime crew was then grounded); retired on 28.06.1974 because of political differences; he currently works at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre; retired from active military duty, 1986.

>> See collection

   

Voskhod 1 - 2 (1964/65 Group)

In preparation for the Voskhod missions, a new small group of engineers and doctors was called to join the cosmonaut training team. For the Voskhod 1 flight the 1964 candidate list included seven names. Korolyov also backed a Voskhod flight with a journalist onboard, so the 1965 selection also included three candidates, but that mission was later canceled. The selected cosmonauts were:

1964 Selection Born Selection date Retirement Died
Konst. Feoktistov (eng) 07.02.1926 11.06.1964 28.10.1987 -
Vladimir Benderov (pil) 04.08.1924 01.06.1964 02.07.1964 03.06.1973
Georgi Katys (doc) 31.08.1926 28.05.1964 1972 -
Vasili Lazarev (doc) 23.02.1928 26.05.1964 31.12.1990 31.12.1990
Boris Polyakov (doc) 10.05.1938 29.05.1964 02.07.1964 -
Aleksei Sorokin (doc) 30.03.1931 26.05.1964 11.01.1976 11.01.1976
Boris Yegorov (doc) 26.11.1937 26.05.1964 14.10.1964 12.09.1994
1965 Selection Born Selection date Retirement Died
Vladimir Degtyarov (doc) 04.04.1932 28.10.1965 17.01.1966 -
Yevgeni Ilyin (doc) 17.08.1937 ??.09.1965 1966 -
Aleksandr Kiselyov (doc) 13.01.1934 ??.07.1965 1966 -
Yuri Senkevich (doc) 04.03.1937 ??.09.1965 1966 25.09.2003
Journalists Born Selection date Retirement Died
Yaroslav Golovanov 02.06.1932 27.06.1965 ??.04.1967 21.05.2003
Yuri Letunov 26.10.1926 27.07.1965 1966 30.07.1983
Mikhail Rebrov 03.07.1931 ??.06.1965 1974 24.04.1998
   

Georgi Katys (1964 Voskhod Group)

Candidate of technical sciences degree from Bauman Higher Technical School, Moscow, 1953; doctorate degree of technical sciences 1962; engineer; was selected as cosmonaut on 28.05.1964 and later Chief of AN-cosmonaut group; was assigned as backup for Voskhod 1; was involved in the development of Lunokhod, the Soviet Moon Rover; since 1984 Professor at Moscow Institute of Radio technics; he is also a member of the Academy of Sciences and of the Academy of Cosmonautics.

>> See collection

   

Yaroslav Golovanov (1965 Voskhod Group)

Graduated from E.N. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School, Moscow, 1956; Aviation engineer; joined newspaper "Komsomolskaya Pravda"; was selected in June 1965 as cosmonaut candidate; without official cosmonaut training; his last job was as science commentator for "Komsomolskaya Pravda". Died in May 2003.

>> See collection

   

The Young Guards (1965 Group)

Following the Voskhod missions, and in preparation for the new Soyuz program, a large group of cosmonaut candidates arrived at the Start City in 1965. However, only 6 actually flew (Glazkov, Kizim, Klimuk, Rozhdestvensky, Sarafanov, Zudov), making this the largest refused/rejected group ever. The identities of the unflown cosmonauts were only revealed in late 1989, and they were:

Engineers Born Selection date Retirement Died
Boris Belousov 24.07.1930 28.10.1965 05.01.1968 27.06.1998
Anatoli Fyodorov 14.04.1941 23.10.1965 28.05.1974 21.03.2002
Vitali Grishchenko 26.04.1942 23.10.1965 05.02.1968 04.05.1992
Yevgeni Khludeyev 10.09.1940 23.10.1965 11.10.1988 19.09.1995
Gennadi Kolesnikov 07.10.1936 23.10.1965 16.12.1967 -
Mikhail Lisun 05.09.1935 23.10.1965 19.09.1989 -
Vladimir Preobrazhenski 03.02.1939 23.10.1965 18.11.1980 25.10.1993
Eduard Stepanov 14.04.1937 23.10.1965 31.10.1992 -
Pilots Born Selection date Retirement Died
Aleksandr Kramarenko 08.11.1942 23.10.1965 30.04.1969 13.04.2002
Aleksandr Petrushenko 01.01.1942 23.10.1965 15.06.1973 11.11.1992
Ansar Sharafutdinov 26.06.1939 23.10.1965 05.01.1968 -
Vasili Shcheglov 09.04.1940 23.10.1965 18.10.1972 16.07.1973
Aleksandr Skvortsov 08.06.1942 23.10.1965 05.01.1968 -
Valeri Voloshin 24.04.1942 23.10.1965 09.04.1969 -
Oleg Yakovlev 31.12.1940 23.10.1965 22.05.1973 02.05.1990
   

Boris Belousov (1965 Group)

Colonel, Air Force, Reserve; graduated from Military Engineering Academy, Leningrad, 1960; Test-engineer in Kapustin Yar and then in Baikonur; was selected on 28.10.1965 (TsPK-3); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 11/65 - 12/67; retired on 05.01.1968 because of supposed weight problems (85 Kilograms); retired from Air Force 1981 und taught then Physics in the School of Monina. Died in June 1998.

>> See collection

   

Gennadi Kolesnikov (1965 Group)

Graduated from Higher Air Force School of Engineering with a candidate of technical sciences degree, 1966; doctorate of military sciences degree, 1989; Colonel, Soviet Air Force, Ret.; was selected as cosmonaut on 23.10.1965 (TsPK-3); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 11/65 - 12/67; retired of medical reasons; later he worked at Gagarin-Center; currently research scientist and professor at Air Force Academy, Monino; he is the author of more than 220 scientific papers.

>> See collection

   

Mikhail Lisun (1965 Group)

Graduated from Military Engineering School in Moscow with an electronical engineering degree, 1956; Colonel, Soviet Air Force Res.; leader of shift in the satellite control facility of Soviet Ministry of Defense; was selected as cosmonaut on 23.10.1965 (TsPK-3); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 11/65 - 12/67; was assigned as double for Soyuz 23 and Soyuz 24; later Deputy Director of Moscow Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics (Korolyov-Museum).

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Ansar Sharafutdinov (1965 Group)

Graduated from Kachinsk Military Pilot School, 1963; Pilot and Lietenant Colonel, Russian Air Forces, Res.; was selected as cosmonaut on 23.10.1965 (TsPK-3); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 11/65 - 12/67; retired of medical reasons; retired from active military duty in 1985; later teacher at High School.

>> See collection

   

Eduard Stepanov (1965 Group)

Graduated from Air Force Radiotechnical Engineering School, Kiev, 1959, with an engineering diploma; candidate of technical sciences degree, 1974; Colonel, Soviet Air Forces, Res.; was selected as cosmonaut on 23.10.1965 (TsPK-3); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 11/65 - 12/67; he was involved in the development of the Buran-Spacecraft; after he retired in 1992 he worked again for the TsPK.

>> See collection

   

Valeri Voloshin (1965 Group)

Graduated from Chernigov Higher Air Force School, 1963; graduated from Gagarin Air Force Military Academy, Monino, 1976; Colonel, Soviet Air Force, Res.; was selected as cosmonaut on 23.10.1965 (TsPK-3); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 11/65 - 12/67; he was involved in the Soviet Lunar Landing Program; retired of medical reasons; after several military assignments (Belarus, Iraq, Afghanistan) he worked at operational staff of the Military Academy, St.Petersburg; in 1994 he retired from active duty and became director of a construction company.

>> See collection

   

1966/69 Group

By the end of the 1960's, a few more cosmonaut candidates were admited for training, among the pilots and engineers, the following never made a spaceflight:

Cosmonaut Born Selection date Retirement Died
Mars Fatkhullin (doc) 14.05.1939 22.05.1967 ??.05.1970 16.04.2003
Rudolf Gulyayev (doc) 14.11.1934 22.05.1967 ??.08.1968 -
Ordinand Kolomitsev (doc) 29.01.1933 22.05.1967 ??.08.1968 -
Valentin Yershov (doc) 21.01.1928 22.05.1967 ??.08.1974 15.02.1998
Vladimir Alekseyev (eng) 19.08.1933 12.04.1967 20.04.1983 -
Vladimir Bugrov (eng) 18.01.1933 23.05.1966 12.07.1968 -
Mikhail Burdayev (eng) 27.08.1932 12.04.1967 20.04.1983 -
Gennadi Dolgopolov (eng) 14.11.1935 23.05.1966 03.05.1967 -
Vladimir Fartushny (eng) 30.02.1938 27.05.1968 03.06.1971 -
Vladimir Isakov (eng) 04.04.1940 07.05.1967 20.04.1983 -
Nikolai Porvatkin (eng) 15.04.1932 12.04.1967 20.04.1983 -
Valeri Yazdovsky (eng) 08.06.1930 27.05.1968 01.07.1982 -
Sergei Anokhin (pil) 01.04.1910 07.07.1966 27.05.1968 15.04.1986
Valeri Beloborodov (pil) 26.10.1939 07.05.1967 29.08.1969 20.09.2004
Sergei Gaydukov (pil) 31.10.1936 07.05.1967 04.12.1978 -
Vladimir Kozelsky (pil) 12.01.1942 07.05.1967 20.04.1983 -
Viktor Pisarev (pil) 15.08.1941 07.05.1967 21.05.1968 -
Mikhail Sologub (pil) 06.11.1936 07.05.1967 20.09.1968 04.08.1996
   

Mikhail Burdayev (1967 Group)

Graduated from Airforce Engineering Academy, doctorate degree (1987) and professor (since 1994) in space ballistic; Colonel, Soviet Airforce, Ret.; selected on 12.04.1967 (TsPK-4); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 5/67 - 18.08.1969; later he worked as trainer at the Gagarin-Center; hobbies: bicycling, sailing and gliding.

>> See collection

   

Gennadi Dolgopolov (1966 Group)

Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI), 1959; Engineer; was selected on 23.05.1966 as cosmonaut (OKB-1); he retired of medical reasons; worked than at NPO Energiya.

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Sergei Gaydukov (1967 Group)

Graduated from Air Force Navigation School, 1957; Lieutenant Colonel, Soviet Air Force, Ret.; was selected as cosmonaut on 07.05.1967 (TsPK-4); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 5/67 - 18.08.1969; retired of medical reasons (injured during parachute training); later he worked as an engineer until 1988, when he retired from all work of medical reasons.

>> See collection

   

Rudolf Gulyayev (1967 Group)

Research scientist at IZMIRAN; was selected on 22.05.1967 as cosmonaut (AN-1); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 5/67 - 8/68; retired of medical reasons; later he worked again as reasearch scientist at IZMIRAN.

>> See collection

   

Ordinand Kolomitsev (1967 Group)

Research scientist at Academy of science; candidate of pyhsical-mathematical sciences degree, and doctorate degree 1968 and 1994, respectively; he was member of several Antarctic expeditions of the Soviet Station Vostok und was four years and four month in the Antarctic; was selected as cosmonaut on 22.05.1967 (AN-1); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 5/67 - 8/68; presently he workes at IZMIRAN.

>> See collection

   

Nikolai Porvatkin (1967 Group)

Colonel, Soviet Air Forces Res.; graduated from Technical Air Force School, 1952; graduated from Shukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy, Monino, 1960; was selected as cosmonaut on 12.04.1967 (TsPK-4); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 5/67 - 18.08.1967; later he worked at NPOE.

>> See collection

   

Valeri Yazdovsky (1968 Group)

Miner, then engineer; graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute, 1954; was involved in the development of Vostok, Voskhod and Soyuz-spacecrafts; was selected as cosmonaut on 27.05.1968 (TsKBEM-1); he was assigned as flight engineer on Soyuz 13; but he and his crewmate Commander Vorobiyov had personal differences (prime crew was then grounded) ; later engineer at NPOE; presently retired.

>> See collection

   

Valentin Yershov (1967 Group)

Engineering diploma in aircraft engineering from Moscow Aviation Institute, 1953; scientist at the Academy of Sciences; was selected as cosmonaut on 22.05.1967 (AN-1); OKP (cosmonaut basic training): 5/67 - 8/68; he was involved in the Soviet Lunar Landing Program; he locked out from cosmonaut training by TsPK-Director Beregowoy, because Yershov refused to become a member of the Communist Party; later Senior Scientist, Institute of Applied Mathematics, Moscow; in 1982 he resigned from active duty and became a pensioner; he died on complications of cancer in 1998.

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